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Covid-19 News: Live Updates – The New York Times

A memorial to victims of the Covid-19 pandemic at Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn on Sunday.
Credit…Victor J. Blue for The New York Times

More than 600,000 people in the United States are known to have died of Covid-19, according to data compiled by The New York Times on Wednesday —  a once-unthinkable number, 10 times the death toll that President Donald J. Trump once predicted. The milestone comes as the country’s fight against Covid-19 has made big gains but remains unfinished, with millions not yet vaccinated.

“It’s a tragedy,” said Stephen Morse, a professor of epidemiology at the Columbia University Medical Center. “A lot of that tragedy was avoidable, and it’s still happening.”

As many Americans celebrate the beginning of summer and states have relaxed restrictions, the virus is still killing hundreds of people daily, nearly all of them unvaccinated, experts say. Though the sheer number of deaths in the United States is higher than anywhere else, the country’s toll is lower, on a per capita basis, than in many European and Latin American countries, including Peru, Brazil, Belgium and Italy.





Cook County

10,993 deaths

Wayne County

5,126 deaths

New York City

Five-borough total

33,359 deaths

Los Angeles County

24,434 deaths

Number of deaths by county

Maricopa County

10,162 deaths

Harris County

6,518 deaths

Miami-Dade County

6,472 deaths

Cook County

10,993 deaths

Wayne County

5,126 deaths

New York City

Five-borough total

33,359 deaths

Los Angeles County

24,434 deaths

Number of deaths by county

Maricopa County

10,162 deaths

Harris County

6,518 deaths

Miami-Dade County

6,472 deaths

Cook County

10,993 deaths

Wayne County

5,126 deaths

New York City

Five-borough total

33,359 deaths

Los Angeles County

24,434 deaths

Number of deaths by county

Maricopa County

10,162 deaths

Harris County

6,518 deaths

Miami-Dade County

6,472 deaths

Number of deaths by county

Cook County

10,993 deaths

Wayne County

5,126 deaths

New York City

Five-borough total

33,359 deaths

Los Angeles County

24,434 deaths

Miami-Dade County

6,472 deaths

Number of deaths by county

New York City

Five-borough

total


The first known death from the coronavirus in the United States occurred in February 2020. By the end of that May, 100,000 people had been confirmed dead, an average of more than 1,100 deaths each day. The pace of virus deaths kept accelerating: It took close to four months for the nation to log another 100,000 deaths; the next, about three months; the next, just five weeks. By late February 2021, just over a month later, half a million Americans had died of the virus.

The most recent 100,000 deaths came more slowly, over about four months. About half of all Americans are protected with at least one dose of a vaccine, and public health experts say that has played the central role in slowing the death rate.





The pace of deaths nationwide

to reach

100,000

U.S. deaths

Feb. 29:

First report of

a U.S. death

The pace of deaths

nationwide

to reach

100,000

U.S. deaths

Feb. 29:

First report of

a U.S. death

The pace of deaths nationwide

to reach

100,000

U.S. deaths

Feb. 29:

First report of

a U.S. death


Source: Reports from state and local health agencies.

President Biden, speaking at a news conference in Brussels on Monday, said that he felt for everyone who had lost a loved one to the virus.

“I know that black hole that seems to consume you, that fills up your chest when you lose someone that’s close to you, that you adored,” Mr. Biden said.

He continued: “Please get vaccinated as soon as possible. We’ve had enough pain.”

Since mid-April, the U.S. pace of inoculations has dropped sharply, even though Mr. Biden set a July 4 deadline to have 70 percent of adults at least partly vaccinated. It’s the remaining unvaccinated population that is driving the lingering deaths, experts say. And the virus is still raging in other countries, including India and in parts of South America.

“Until we have this under control across the world, it could come back and thwart all the progress we’ve made so far,” said Dr. Marcus Plescia, the chief medical officer for the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials, which represents state health agencies. “I’m worried about the people who are not taking advantage of these vaccines. They’re the ones who are going to bear the brunt of the consequences.”

Deaths from Covid have declined by about 90 percent in the United States since their peak in January, according to provisional data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. But about half of Covid deaths at the end of May were made up of people aged 50 to 74, compared with only a third in December, according to a recent New York Times analysis. Older white people are driving the shifts in death patterns, and Black people across most age groups saw the smallest decrease in deaths compared with other large racial groups.

Cumulative vaccination rates among Black and Hispanic people continue to lag behind those of Asian and white people.

In Wayne County, Mich., home to Detroit, vaccine hesitancy is a major problem, said Dr. Teena Chopra, the medical director of infection prevention and hospital epidemiology at the Detroit Medical Center. In May, all of her Covid-19 patients were either unvaccinated or had received only one vaccine dose. Several have died, she said, and patients with the virus were still being admitted.

“It makes me feel very frustrated and angry because getting people vaccinated is the only way to end the pandemic,” Dr. Chopra said.

Denise Lu, Daniel E. Slotnik, Julie Bosman and Mitch Smith contributed reporting.

Spain reopened for external travelers in recent weeks.
Credit…Emilio Parra Doiztua for The New York Times

Warmer weather and low coronavirus case numbers are raising hope in some countries in Europe that vaccine rollouts could usher in a more normal summer after an erratic year of lockdowns.

France announced on Wednesday, sooner than expected, that it was ending a mandate on mask-wearing outdoors and lifting a nighttime curfew that has lasted for months — an increasingly unpopular measure as days grew longer and cafes reopened.

“The health situation in our country is improving, and it is improving even faster than what we had hoped,” Jean Castex, the French prime minister, said in making the announcement, which some political opponents noted came a few days before regional elections.

In addition, tourists from the United States may be allowed back into European Union countries as early as Friday — a move crucial for lifting Europe’s battered economies. On Wednesday, ambassadors of the European Union indicated their support for adding the United States to a list of countries considered safe from an epidemiological point of view, a bloc official confirmed, though no official announcement is expected until Friday.

The traffic will be one-way, however, unless the United States lifts its ban on many European travelers, which was announced on Jan. 25 of this year, days after President Biden took office. The U.S. barred noncitizens traveling from many countries around the globe, including the Schengen area of Europe, the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland.

In Europe, however, low infection numbers in many countries in recent weeks have been taken as an optimistic sign. But that is not the case everywhere. In Britain, officials are keeping watch for the Delta variant, which has spurred a rise in cases, and on Monday delayed by a month a much-anticipated reopening that had been heralded as “freedom day.”

And in Moscow, a surge of cases prompted a shutdown, leaving Russian officials pleading with residents to get vaccinated.

Still, the move to open up the European Union countries to tourists from the United States signaled a wider hope that the bloc is on a pathway to normality more than a year after the pandemic began.

But health policy in the European Union is ultimately the province of the national member governments, so each country has the right to decide whether to reopen, and to tailor the travel measures further — adding requirements for PCR tests and quarantines, for example.

Travel from outside the bloc was practically suspended last year to limit the spread of the coronavirus, with the exception of a handful of countries that fulfilled specific criteria, such as low infection rate, and their overall response to Covid-19. Until Wednesday, the list, contained a relatively small number of nations, including Australia, Japan and South Korea, but will add more to the list, including Albania, Lebanon, North Macedonia and Serbia.

Some countries heavily dependent on tourism, like Spain and Greece, have already reopened for external travelers in recent weeks. Germany also lifted more restrictions this month, announcing it would remove a travel warning for locations with low infection rates from July 1.

The European Commission recommended last month that all travelers from third countries who were fully vaccinated with shots approved by the European Medicines Agency or by the World Health Organization should be allowed to enter without restrictions, a policy switch that was first reported by The New York Times.

The loosening of travel measures was enabled by the fast pace of vaccination in the United States and by the acceleration of the inoculation campaign in Europe, and bolstered by advanced talks between the authorities on how to make vaccine certificates acceptable as proof of immunity from visitors.

The further opening of the European Union comes as the bloc finalizes work on a Covid certificate system, which is supposed to become operational on July 1. Fifteen member countries already started issuing and accepting the certificate ahead of schedule this month. The document records whether people have been fully vaccinated against the coronavirus, recovered from illness or tested negative within the past 72 hours, and it would eventually allow those that meet one of the three criteria to move freely across the 27 member countries.

Travelers coming from outside the bloc would have the opportunity to obtain a Covid certificate from an E.U. country, the European Commission said. That would facilitate travel between different countries inside the bloc, but would not be a prerequisite for entering the European Union.

A Covid-19 patient at Long Island Jewish Medical Center in Queens, N.Y., in April 2020.
Credit…Victor J. Blue for The New York Times

The lawyer who led the inquiry into the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, has quietly laid a foundation for a nonpartisan commission in the United States to investigate the coronavirus pandemic, with financial backing from four foundations and a paid staff that has already interviewed more than 200 public health experts, business leaders, elected officials, victims and their families.

The work, which has attracted scant public notice, grew out of a telephone call in October from Eric Schmidt, the philanthropist and former chief executive of Google, to the lawyer, Philip D. Zelikow, who was the executive director of the commission that investigated Sept. 11.

Lawmakers in Washington are also taking up the idea of a Covid-19 commission. Bipartisan bills have been introduced in both the House and the Senate, and discussion of a Covid-19 commission has not produced partisan discord — at least, not yet. Senator Bob Menendez, Democrat of New Jersey and a lead sponsor of the Senate bill, noted that its work would cover both the Trump and Biden administrations.

The team directed by Mr. Zelikow, called the Covid Commission Planning Group, has financial support from foundations, including one affiliated with Mr. Schmidt and another with Charles Koch, the conservative philanthropist. The group is forging ahead on a separate track that might, at some point, merge with a congressionally appointed panel.

Preparing a Moderna Covid-19 vaccine in Seattle.
Credit…Ruth Fremson/The New York Times

The Biden administration, planning for the possibility that Americans could need booster shots of the coronavirus vaccine, has agreed to buy an additional 200 million doses from the drugmaker Moderna with the option to include any developed to fight variants as well as pediatric doses.

The purchase, with delivery expected to begin this fall and continue into next year, gives the administration the flexibility to administer booster shots if they prove necessary, and to inoculate children under 12 if the Food and Drug Administration authorizes vaccination for that age group, according to two administration officials not authorized to discuss it publicly.

Experts do not yet know when, or whether, booster shots will be necessary. The emergence of variants in recent months has accelerated research on boosters, and the current vaccines are considered effective against several variants, including the Alpha variant which was first identified in Britain and which became dominant in the United States.

And now U.S. health officials have classified the Delta variant, which was first found in India, as a “variant of concern,” sounding the alarm because it spreads rapidly and may cause more serious illness in unvaccinated people. Concern over the variant prompted England to delay lifting restrictions imposed because of the pandemic.

Moderna, a company that had no products on the market until the F.D.A. granted its vaccine emergency authorization last year, uses mRNA platform technology to make its vaccine — a so-called “plug and play” method that is especially adaptable to reformulation. Last month, it announced preliminary data from a clinical trial of a booster vaccine matched to the Beta variant, first identified in South Africa; the study found an increased antibody response against two variants of concern.

In announcing the purchase on Wednesday, Moderna said it expected to deliver 110 million of the new doses in the fourth quarter of this year, and 90 million in the first quarter of 2022. The option brings the total U.S. procurement of Moderna’s two-dose vaccine to 500 million doses.

“We appreciate the collaboration with the U.S. government for these additional doses of the Moderna Covid-19 vaccine, which could be used for primary vaccination, including of children, or possibly as a booster if that becomes necessary to continue to defeat the pandemic,” Stéphane Bancel, Moderna’s chief executive officer, said in a statement.

“We remain focused on being proactive as the virus evolves by leveraging the flexibility of our mRNA platform to stay ahead of emerging variants,” he said.

Under its existing contract with Moderna, the federal government had until Tuesday to exercise the option to purchase doses for future vaccination needs at the same price — about $16.50 a dose — as it is currently paying. Similar conversations are underway with Pfizer-BioNTech, which also makes a two-dose mRNA vaccine, but no agreement has been reached, one of the officials said.

State health departments are also preparing for the necessity of “revaccination,” Dr. Nirav Shah, president of the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials and Maine’s top health official, told reporters on Wednesday.

“It may be just a bit too early to tell with finality whether second doses, booster doses” will be needed in the fall, Dr. Shah said. “Certainly the better job we do now lowers the likelihood that variants could run loose,” he said.

He added, “There is a direct link between what we do now and what we may need to do later.”

As of Wednesday, about 65 percent of U.S. adults have received at least one shot, according to federal data. But with vaccination rates slowing down, the administration is still focused on trying to meet President Biden’s goal of having at least 70 percent of adults get one shot by July 4, and also on addressing the global vaccine shortage.

“With the concerning Delta variant growing and millions more Americans to vaccinate, we are focused on our urgent and robust response to the pandemic,” Kevin Munoz, a White House spokesman, said in a statement Tuesday.

Last week, at the outset of his meeting with leaders of the Group of 7 nations, Mr. Biden announced that the United States would buy 500 million doses of Pfizer vaccine and donate them for use by about 100 low- and middle-income countries over the next year, describing it as America’s “humanitarian obligation to save as many lives as we can.”

One of the officials said Wednesday that if the Moderna purchase leaves the administration with surplus vaccine, the administration will donate those doses to other countries.

A deputy sheriff placing an eviction notice in Springfield, Mass., in December.
Credit…Bryan Anselm for The New York Times

The United States averted the direst predictions about what the pandemic would do to the housing market. An eviction wave never materialized and the share of people behind on mortgages recently returned to its prepandemic level.

But a comprehensive report on U.S. housing conditions makes clear that while one crisis is passing, another is growing much worse.

Like the broader economy, the housing market is split on divergent tracks, according to the annual State of the Nation’s Housing Report released on Wednesday by Harvard’s Joint Center for Housing Studies. While one group of households is rushing to buy homes with savings built during the pandemic, another is being locked out of ownership as prices march upward. Those who bore the brunt of pandemic job losses remain saddled with debt and in danger of losing their homes.

For the past year, lower-income tenants have relied heavily on government support to pay their monthly bills. While those measures have helped, the majority of renters still had to borrow or draw on savings to cover bills.

With savings tapped out and unemployment benefits set to lapse, the financial damage to low-income households remains severe enough that they will need more support if they’re to recover along with the broader economy, the Harvard report said.

“Millions of households were financially unscathed coming out of the pandemic,” said Alexander Hermann, senior research analyst at the Joint Center for Housing Studies. “But the pandemic has left millions of others struggling to make their housing payments, especially lower-income households and people of color.”

Chris Paul, of the Phoenix Suns, sits on the bench before playing the Los Angeles Lakers in May in Phoenix.
Credit…Christian Petersen/Getty Images

After leading the Phoenix Suns into the Western Conference finals, Chris Paul is in danger of missing at least part of the series after entering the N.B.A.’s coronavirus health and safety protocols.

How soon Paul can return to the Suns was not immediately known. The Suns announced Wednesday that Paul was “currently out” because of the protocols and that they would next provide an update about his status on Saturday.

Among the factors that will determine how long Paul, 36, will be away from the Suns are his vaccination status and whether he tested positive for the coronavirus. Players who test positive are typically placed in isolation for 10 to 14 days, but isolation time, depending on the circumstances, can be reduced if a player is vaccinated.

The prospect of Phoenix’s losing Paul, after landing a spot in the conference finals on Sunday by completing a four-game sweep of the Denver Nuggets, was the latest blow to an N.B.A. postseason rocked by a string of health-related absences for star players.

Preparing the antibody treatment developed by Regeneron at a clinical trial site in Chandler, Ariz., in August.
Credit…Adriana Zehbrauskas for The New York Times

Study after study has built a consensus around monoclonal antibody drugs for Covid-19: They work best when given early, long before a patient is admitted to the hospital.

But clinical trial data released on Wednesday offered the strongest evidence to date that at least one of the available treatments can sometimes help later in the progression of the disease. Results from a large study in Britain indicated that Regeneron’s antibody treatment can reduce deaths in a subset of hospitalized patients: those whose immune systems are unable to mount a natural response to the virus.

Regeneron, which has emergency authorization for its drug to be given to high-risk patients who are not yet sick enough to be hospitalized, said it plans to ask the Food and Drug Administration to expand its approval to allow the drug to be given to appropriate hospitalized patients.

That could eventually give doctors another tool to help some of the sickest Covid patients. Although the widespread availability of vaccines has sent infection rates plummeting, unvaccinated Americans are still getting seriously ill from the virus. Close to 20,000 patients remain hospitalized with Covid in the United States.

The study enrolled nearly 9,800 hospitalized Covid patients beginning last September. Among those who had not mounted their own natural antibody response when they joined the trial, the group randomly assigned to receive Regeneron’s antibody on top of standard care had a 20 percent reduced risk of death after 28 days, compared with the group that received only standard care. The usual treatment for such patients has typically involved the steroid dexamethasone or the antiviral drug remedesivir.

Regeneron’s drug provided no such statistically meaningful benefit for patients who had mounted their own immune response. “If you already have antibodies, giving you more may not make much difference,” Peter Horby, a University of Oxford researcher who co-led the trial, said at a news conference.

The results, which have not yet been peer-reviewed and are expected to be posted on a preprint server on Wednesday, came from the Recovery trial, a nationwide effort in Britain to evaluate Covid-19 therapies that has been praised for its rigor and simplicity.

Like other such treatments, Regeneron’s monoclonal antibody is a cocktail of two lab-made drugs designed to mimic the antibodies generated naturally when the immune system fights the virus. Although it is one of three such drugs authorized in the United States, it is the only one currently in use nationwide.

Another cocktail, from Eli Lilly, is no longer being distributed in eight states because of the high prevalence there of the Beta and Gamma variants first seen in South Africa and Brazil, respectively. (Lab experiments indicate that those variants can evade Lilly’s drug.) A third, from GlaxoSmithKline and Vir, has not been ordered by the federal government since being authorized last month.

Emergent was forced to halt operations at its plant in the Bayview area of Baltimore after millions of vaccine doses were spoiled by contamination.
Credit…Jim Lo Scalzo/EPA, via Shutterstock

Record profits warranted record bonuses. That was the recommendation in January by executives at the biotech firm Emergent BioSolutions. The board of directors agreed, signing off on nearly $8 million in cash and stock awards for five company leaders.

The bonuses arrived this spring even as Congress was investigating the company’s production of Covid-19 vaccines in Baltimore, where manufacturing mistakes have rendered 75 million doses unusable and forced a two-month-long shutdown of operations.

Emergent has nonetheless enjoyed the best financial year in its two-decade history, thanks largely to the government, for its largess and its decision to sidestep competitive bidding and other typical processes, according to interviews and previously undisclosed documents.

The lucrative agreement with Emergent reflects the early chaotic days of the pandemic, when the Trump administration was engaged in what one government official called “panic buying” with little outside scrutiny.

Emergent was in a good position to benefit. A review of the company’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission shows that its entire contract manufacturing business had never brought in anything close to the amount the federal government paid in 2020. Those payments exceeded the revenue the company had earned from all of its contract manufacturing in the previous three years combined.

AstraZeneca vaccines donated by the Japanese government to Taiwan were loaded at Narita Airport near Tokyo this month.
Credit…Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

Japan’s leaders are racing to lift Covid-19 vaccination rates at home, but that hasn’t stopped them from donating doses in the Asia Pacific region as part of a wider geopolitical strategy.

Foreign Minister Toshimitsu Motegi of Japan said this week that the country would send a million doses of the AstraZeneca vaccine to Vietnam on Wednesday. The shots are among the 120 million doses that Japan expects to obtain as part of a deal it struck with the British-Swedish manufacturer.

Japan also donated more than a million AstraZeneca shots to Taiwan this month, and Mr. Motegi said this week that it planned to donate vaccines to Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand.

Japan is donating vaccines to Taiwan and Vietnam directly rather than through Covax, the global vaccine-sharing program. That suggests geopolitics are a motivating factor, experts say.

China has been promoting its self-made vaccines in Southeast Asia and beyond in a charm offensive that has clear diplomatic overtones. Stephen Nagy, a political scientist at International Christian University in Tokyo, said that Japan appeared to see its own vaccine diplomacy as a counterweight.

“Watching what China has done, delivering a lot of Sinovac in particular countries, Japan does not want to fall behind,” he said, referring to the manufacturer of one of China’s main vaccines.

China has been asserting its geopolitical muscle in the region for years, flying warplanes over Taiwan and fortifying artificial islands in parts of the South China Sea that are also claimed by Malaysia, the Philippines and Vietnam. Japan has often found ways to gently push back.

In Vietnam, Japan has invested in large infrastructure projects and supplied the country’s navy with coast guard vessels for patrolling the South China Sea. After Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga of Japan took office last year, he made Vietnam his first overseas stop.

Vietnam could use more vaccines. It kept infections low until recently through rigorous quarantining and contact tracing, but is now experiencing its worst outbreak yet. Only about 1.5 percent of the country’s 97 million people have received even one shot, according to a New York Times tracker.

Japan’s health authorities have authorized the AstraZeneca vaccine for emergency use, and about 90 million of its 120 million doses will be manufactured domestically. But the government has held off administering that vaccine locally because of concerns over very rare complications involving blood clots.

Japan’s inoculation campaign has also been held up by strict rules that allow only doctors and nurses to administer shots, and by a requirement that vaccines be tested on people in Japan before being approved for use.

Only about 25 million vaccine doses have been administered in Japan and 15 percent of the population has received at least one shot. That percentage is about the same as in India, and far below that of most richer countries.

The government wants to speed up vaccines in part so that it can allow domestic spectators when the Tokyo Olympics begin in July. The news agency Kyodo reported on Tuesday that officials are considering allowing up to 10,000 fans or half of a venue’s capacity — whichever is smaller — at Olympic events.

For now, Tokyo and nine other prefectures remain under a state of emergency that has been in effect since late April. The order is scheduled to expire on June 20, barely a month before the Olympics start.

Health workers waiting for Covid patients on Monday at a hospital complex in Moscow.
Credit…Maxim Shipenkov/EPA, via Shutterstock

In the United States, fireworks lit up the night sky in New York City on Tuesday, a celebration meant to demonstrate the end of coronavirus restrictions. California, the most populous state, has fully opened its economy. And President Biden said there would be a gathering at the White House on July 4, marking what America hopes will be freedom from the pandemic.

Yet this week the country’s death toll passed 600,000 — a staggering loss of life.

In Russia, officials frequently say that the country has handled the coronavirus crisis better than the West and that there have been no large-scale lockdowns since last summer.

But in the week that President Vladimir V. Putin met with Mr. Biden for a one-day summit, Russia has been gripped by a vicious new wave of Covid-19. Hours before the start of the summit on Wednesday, the city of Moscow announced that it would be mandating coronavirus vaccinations for workers in service and other industries.

“We simply must do all we can to carry out mass vaccination in the shortest possible time period and stop this terrible disease,” Sergey S. Sobyanin, the mayor of Moscow, said in a blog post. “We must stop the dying of thousands of people.”

It was a reversal from prior comments from Mr. Putin, who said on May 26 that “mandatory vaccination would be impractical and should not be done.”

Mr. Putin said on Saturday that 18 million people had been inoculated in the country — less than 13 percent of the population, even though Russia’s Sputnik V shots have been widely available for months.

The country’s official death toll is nearly 125,000, according to Our World in Data, and experts have said that such figures probably vastly underestimate the true tally.

While the robust United States vaccination campaign has sped the nation’s recovery, the virus has repeatedly confounded expectations. The inoculation campaign has also slowed in recent weeks.

Unlike many of the issues raised at Wednesday’s summit, and despite the scientific achievement that safe and effective vaccines represent, the virus follows its own logic — mutating and evolving — and continues to pose new and unexpected challenges for both leaders and the world at large.

Jon Rahm of Spain, one of the world’s top golfers, during a practice round on Tuesday ahead of the U.S. Open at Torrey Pines in San Diego. The tournament begins on Thursday.
Credit…Michael Madrid/USA Today Sports, via Reuters

Jon Rahm was thunderstruck by the positive coronavirus test result that forced his June 5 withdrawal from the Memorial Tournament, a competition that he led by an almost insurmountable six strokes with one round remaining. Afterward, the 26-year-old golfer recognized the emotions elicited by his exit, which included a nationally televised broadcast of Rahm receiving the news and leaving the 18th green in tears.

“I was aware of what was going on,” Rahm said Tuesday in his first public remarks about the episode as he prepared for the 2021 U.S. Open, which begins Thursday at the Torrey Pines Golf Course, in San Diego.

Speaking at a news conference, Rahm revealed that he had been vaccinated before he tested positive.

“The truth is I was vaccinated, I just wasn’t out of that 14-day period,” Rahm said.

Had Rahm been able to complete the final round of the Memorial, which he won in 2020, he almost certainly would have been handed the winner’s check worth roughly $1.7 million. In Rahm’s absence, Patrick Cantlay claimed the title instead.

One of the more popular men’s golfers — a player who shows his emotions and competes with flair — Rahm acknowledged that had he been vaccinated earlier, he would have been more likely to avoid an infection. Alternately smiling and serious, he did not ask for sympathy, but had a message for his fellow pro golfers, who a tour official said this month had been vaccinated at a rate “north of 50 percent.”

“We live in a free country, so do as you please,” Rahm said. “I can tell you from experience that if something happens, you’re going to have to live with the consequences, golf-wise.”

Diners at a cafe in Eureka, Calif., on Tuesday, after Gov. Gavin Newsom relaxed most capacity limits and social distancing requirements.
Credit…Alexandra Hootnick for The New York Times

The governors of New York and California, the states hit earliest and hardest by the pandemic, triumphantly announced on Tuesday that they had lifted virtually all coronavirus restrictions on businesses and social gatherings as both states hit milestones in vaccinating their residents.

In New York, where 70 percent of adults had received at least one dose of the vaccine, the order from Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo means that restaurants will no longer be forced to space tables six feet apart; movie theaters will be allowed to pack their auditoriums without spacing seats apart; and entering commercial buildings won’t require a temperature check.

“This is a momentous day and we deserve it because it has been a long, long road,” Mr. Cuomo said at the World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan on Tuesday, adding that the changes meant a “return to life as we know it.”

In California, where 72 percent of adults had received at least one dose of the vaccine, Gov. Gavin Newsom called Tuesday “reopening day,” as he lifted similar capacity limits on businesses and social distancing requirements, with some exceptions.

Businesses in both states, however, will still have the option of requiring health precautions on their premises. The two governors, both Democrats who are facing political difficulties, made their announcements at events that seemed more like rallies than news conferences.

For all the celebration, however, the nation has reached 600,000 dead from the coronavirus, a grim reminder of the virus’s painful toll even as Americans begin to enjoy a summer with significantly fewer limitations, if any, on their ability to live, work and socialize. As of Tuesday, more than 63,000 have died from the virus in California, while in New York that number has reached nearly 53,000 — the two highest totals in the country.

Yet both governors took the opportunity to look ahead.

A health care worker administered a dose of the AstraZeneca vaccine in March at a hospital in Milan.
Credit…Alessandro Grassani for The New York Times

A fierce debate has erupted in Italy after the government halted use of the AstraZeneca coronavirus vaccine in people under 60 and said that people in that age group who had already received a first dose of that vaccine would get a different shot for their second.

“A mix for cocktails is one thing,” Matteo Salvini, the leader of the nationalist League party, which is part of the government, told reporters on Tuesday as he asked for clear and consistent directions, “A mix of vaccines is a different one.”

The announcement last week was the latest in a series of policy lurches surrounding the AstraZeneca vaccine that have left many Italians confused and angry.

As reports circulated that an 18-year-old girl who received the vaccine had died after being hospitalized with a thrombosis, the government said it had reassessed the vaccine, and had concluded that because the spread of the virus had slowed markedly in Italy, the benefits of using the vaccine in people under 60 no longer outweighed the risks.

Other countries have also looked at mix-and-match approaches to second doses, especially after safety concerns arose over the AstraZeneca vaccine’s apparent association with some deaths from the rare blood-clotting condition. In France, about 500,000 people became eligible for a different booster dose in April after the government halted use of the AstraZeneca vaccine in people under 55.

Trials are underway around the world to test the mix-and-match approach, referred to by scientists as heterologous prime-boost. Citing data from two clinical trials in Spain and one in Britain, the Italian drug regulatory agency said the approach was safe and effective.

Still, the idea is meeting with opposition in Italy, where almost a million people aged 18 to 59 who have had first doses of AstraZeneca’s vaccine would be affected.

“We are not going to administer vaccines different from the first dose,” Vincenzo De Luca, the president of Campania, the southern Italian region that includes Naples, said in a statement on Sunday. “The current level of confusion risks jeopardizing the very continuation of the vaccination campaign.”

(Mr. De Luca later said his region would comply with the government’s policy, but maintained that there was “communication chaos” around vaccines.)

Public health researchers also raised questions about what they called “creative vaccination.” “Scientific evidence today on this topic is still preliminary and keeps a certain level of insecurity,” Nino Cartabellotta, the president of GIMBE, a research foundation, said on Italian radio.

Others were more blunt in criticizing the government’s shifting vaccine policies. “We do not understand anything anymore,” Luca Pani, a former director of Italy’s drug regulatory agency, wrote in the Italian newspaper Il Foglio, “besides the fact that, putting one patch above the other, they turned the AstraZeneca saga into a monster.”

The top health care official for the Lazio region, which includes Rome, said that since the policy was announced, about 10 percent of affected people in his area were skipping or canceling their second-dose appointments or were walking out without receiving a shot when told that it would be of a different vaccine. He said the government should allow people to decide for themselves whether to stick with AstraZeneca for their second shot.

Constant Méheut contributed reporting from Paris.

A balloon arch at the law school on the Duke University campus in Durham, N.C., last month.
Credit…Travis Dove for The New York Times

Many American law schools are facing a problem, brought on in part by the coronavirus pandemic: They have accepted too many students for the fall. Some schools are now offering incentives to put off enrolling.

Interest in going to law school and other professional schools usually rises during economic recessions, when many people find their careers interrupted. The pandemic has been no exception — out of 200 American law schools surveyed by the Law School Admission Council, which administers the LSAT test, 190 saw an increase in application volume.

On top of the economic effect, deans and experts say the tumult of the presidential election and the social justice protests over the past year have probably also encouraged more applications.

But the coronavirus changed something else as well: the LSAT. During the pandemic, prospective students have taken a shorter version of the test online with fewer sections than before, and lockdowns have provided more time to study with fewer distractions. And many students performed better: LSAC reported that the number of people getting top scores of 175 to 180 doubled in 2021 from the year before, and those in the next highest range, 170 to 174, rose by half.

“You can see a scenario where anxiety is much lower when you’re at home,” said Mike Spivey, the founder of Spivey Consulting. “I don’t think the test questions were any easier.”

That made for a glut of top-tier applicants to law schools — and threw off the schools’ calculations about how many would take the offer if they were accepted.

To ease the load, many schools have sent out emails to accepted students, promising that scholarships would still be there for them if they chose to defer enrollment. (Hint, hint.) Others are going further with financial incentives.

Duke has promised $5,000 to students who accepted a “binding deferral,” a pledge to attend next year. The University of Colorado Law School tried the same amount and got only two takers — but to its relief, a few dozen have chosen not to enroll for other reasons, leaving it with a more manageable class of about 180.

“If things had gotten very scary, the option obviously could have been to increase the bonus amount,” said Kristine Jackson, the assistant dean of admissions and financial aid.

Columbia University also dangled money in front of some students: $30,000 to join a newly minted “Exploration Fellowship” if they deferred. The school prioritized recent graduates and offered some career placement help.

It wasn’t enough to persuade Molly Lu, 23, a student from Toronto. She aspires to a job at a major corporate law firm, which can carry a starting salary of $200,000, and right now she is making minimum wage at a swimming pool supply store.

“The opportunity cost of a year of lawyering compared to a year of selling, like, pool floaties?” she said. “That’s too much to be overcome.”

For students, overenrollment could mean a diluted law school experience, with packed lecture halls, overburdened professors and swamped administrative staff, ending in a crowded job market when they graduate in 2024.

“If the economy is strong, it won’t be a big deal,” Mr. Spivey said. “If the economy is down, it’s going to be a huge deal.”




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