The History of Imperial, More Than Just a Car (Part XXI)
We find ourselves at the final two installments of the long-running Imperial series today. It’s been almost six months since the first Imperial entry, when a new model was dreamt up by Chrysler’s founder as competition for the likes of Pierce-Arrow and Studebaker. The Imperial name outlived most of the Twenties competition it was designed to beat, though along the way it drifted both nearer and further to the original mission. The concluding entrant into the Imperial lineage was definitely the weakest ever. K-car time, commence!
After Imperial took a Seventies brand hiatus, the all-new Imperial personal luxury coupe of 1981 was created by Chrysler’s chief commander Lee Iacocca. Though it looked modern and was technically advanced, it was also technically too complicated and reliability suffered. And seeing as Imperial was a standalone car (not badged as a Chrysler), Iacocca gave it a standalone, bespoke-type price that was higher than its well-established competition at Lincoln and Cadillac. It flopped, despite a Frank Sinatra trim.
The 1983 Imperial was the last ever to exist as an independent marque from Chrysler. Even though Imperial’s coupe outing was a failure, the contemporary K-car and its many variants (including the revolutionary Caravan) were not, and saved Chrysler’s hide. Iacocca was delighted and praised to high heaven for the K-car, and never wanted to let it go. So entranced by the K and all its platform derivations was he that he sought another resurrection of the Imperial name. The automotive world was moving on from the broughamed, excessively trimmed sedans of the Eighties but Lee would hear none of it.
Fortunate product timing at other domestic luxury brands helped make the case for a super luxurious K offering. Even the likes of Cadillac went majority front-drive in 1985, and Lincoln followed suit with the 1988 Continental which was front-drive and gasp had six cylinders.
And so development began in the latter part of the decade on another new Imperial. It was the first car with an Imperial badge since 1954 that didn’t carry its own marque: This Imperial was part of Chrysler’s lineup, to be presented with its standard and lesser wares in marketing materials and ideology. Let’s talk platforms.
As mentioned, the new Imperial was a version of the K that underpinned just about every front-drive Chrysler vehicle between 1981 and 1995. Among early developments in the platform were lengthening exercises, at the behest of Iacocca. Chrysler needed larger cars, and the easiest, simplest way to do that was to stretch the K a bit more, like Silly Putty.
There were always midsize K cars, but the term “midsize” kept getting larger throughout the Eighties. K turned into the E in 1983 with cars like the midsize E-Class and New Yorker and then was lengthened again in 1988 into the C. For reference, a K was a 100.3-inch wheelbase, while the E cars were 103.3 inches, and the C was 104.3″, then 104.5″ ultimately. And yes we do need a Rare Rides Icons piece all about K; it will probably run for a year or so.
On the C platform (renamed to AC in 1989) were the Dodge Dynasty and the Chrysler New Yorker. Worth noting, Canadians received the awful Dynasty with a different grille, branded as a Chrysler. The C cars sold well and remained on offer through 1993 if you can believe it. But Iacocca wanted a full-size luxury car. The company needed new content that was large and in charge at dealers, as the M-body Fifth Avenue was mercifully discontinued after the 1989 model year. Side note: There’s another series, Dodge Diplomat and company.
Thus, two new cars were developed on the new Y version of K, a platform sometimes labeled as AY. The volume seller of the two Y cars would be the Chrysler New Yorker Fifth Avenue, while the exclusive halo version was the Chrysler Imperial. The Fifth Avenue was a direct replacement for the deceased M-Body, as the name had represented the most luxurious sedan Chrysler offered for some time.
The C’s 104.3-inch length was stretched quite a bit for Y-body duty, to 109.6 long inches. That figure actually trumped the wheelbase of the Lincoln Continental competition by about half an inch. The extra wheelbase supported an Imperial that stretched a full-size 203 inches, which was also comparable to the Continental’s 205.1 inches. But where the Imperial couldn’t compete was on width. Engineers were limited by Y’s compact basis on how wide it could go. Thus, the Imperial for 1990 was 68.9 inches wide, while the Taurus-based Continental spanned 72.7 inches. And those inches mattered when one was talking room for double-breasted suits and shoulder pads. Overall height for the Imperial was 55.1 inches.
Mechanically, the Imperial was the exact same as the Fifth Avenue. Both cars used Chrysler engines that were not Mitsubishi influenced. Base power came from the 3.3-liter EGA V6, while the upmarket option was the 3.8-liter EGH V6. Only the 3.3 was available for the Imperial’s introductory year, as the 3.8 was still in development. EG was a new engine family from Chrysler, and both engines were found in Chrysler minivans through 2010, and the Jeep Wrangler through 2011. The 3.3 was good for 150 horsepower, and the 3.8 made the same power but additional torque (213 lb-ft versus 180 in the former). The 3.3 engine was shared by the Dynasty and standard New Yorker, but the 3.8 was exclusive to New Yorker and the Imperial.
It’s important to talk pricing against the competition before we get to the beautiful exterior and interior of the final Imperial. The Eighties Imperial was launched at the start of a recession and inflationary period, and as consumers were moving on from both large cars and the personal luxury coupe ideal of the Seventies. The Nineties Imperial was launched against some stiff front-drive competition, but was at a big price and prestige disadvantage, both from the competition and amongst siblings. The call was coming from inside the house.
In 1990, the Dodge Dynasty asked $13,515 ($30,097 adj.) as a base model, or $14,915 ($33,215 adj.) as an LE. The more luxurious New Yorker started at $16,916 ($37,671 adj.) as a vinyl-roof-free Salon and stepped to $19,315 ($43,013 adj.) as a Landau. In long-wheelbase format with the Marc Cross leather package the New Yorker was $21,924 ($48,824 adj.), and the extra trim of the Fifth Avenue was slightly more at $21,945 ($48,870 adj.). Imperial arrived in one standard trim, loaded with everything except the visor-mounted car phone for $25,545 ($56,887 adj.). It was a hefty price to pay for the unique front and rear clips of the Imperial, on a car that was otherwise identical to the Fifth Avenue in trim, and shared most other things with the Dynasty.
Against the competition, the Imperial was cheaper than the V8-powered DeVille’s $28,090 ($62,555 adj.), while the Continental was dearer at $29,808 ($66,381 adj.) in base trim. But both the Cadillac and the Lincoln were a bit more in line with what the late Eighties luxury customer wanted and looked much more modern than the laden pontoon boat that was the Imperial. Not even positive MotorWeek had much nice to say about the Imperial.
So the 1990 Imperial was a discount luxury ride. But was it discounted enough? Maybe the allure of the name and special exterior looks that tied Imperial to its lineage would appeal to more customers than the modern, simplified offerings from other domestic competition. We’ll find out next time when we close out this series.[Images: Chrysler]
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